13:18 “I am not referring to all of you; I know
those I have chosen. But this is to fulfill this passage of
Scripture: ‘He who shared my bread has turned against me.”
In Middle Easter culture
there was no treachery worse that to eat at a person’s table and then betray
him, because to eat together shows true friendship.
Jesus knew Judas
completely: his mind, his desires and disappointments. And Judas had witnessed
the miracles, heard all the teachings and Christ’s promises, prophecies and
But he wasn’t satisfied,
and he succumbed to the devil’s influence. But Jesus washed his feet along with
the other disciples. But when He spoke of them being clean and promised
blessing for following His command, He continued, I am not referring to all of you; I know those I have
And Jesus not only knew
Judas completely, He knew His betrayal would fulfill prophecy from the words
and the life of His human ancestor King David. David wrote in Psalm 41:9 Even my close friend, someone I trusted, one who shared my bread,
has turned against me.
John 13:19-30 “I am telling you now before it happens, so that
when it does happen you will believe that I am who I am. 20 Very truly I
tell you, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me
accepts the one who sent me. After he had said this,
Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, “Very truly I tell you,
one of you is going to betray me.”
22 His disciples stared at one another, at a loss
to know which of them he meant. 23 One of them, the
disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him. 24 Simon
Peter motioned to this disciple and said, “Ask him which one he means.”
25 Leaning back against Jesus, he asked him, “Lord,
who is it?”
26 Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I
will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.” Then,
dipping the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon
Iscariot. 27 As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan
entered into him.
So Jesus told him, “What you are about to do, do
quickly.” 28 But no one at the meal understood why
Jesus said this to him. 29 Since Judas had charge
of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed
for the festival, or to give something to the poor. 30 As
soon as Judas had taken the bread, he went out. And it was night.
The table around which
they gathered was a low, solid block, with couches grouped around it in a
half-circle. As host, Jesus would have been in the center with a disciple on
each side. Each man reclined on his left side with his left arm on a cushion
for support, leaving his right arm free for eating. They stretched their feet
out behind them. This meant the head of each person was near his neighbor’s
chest on the left.
During the Passover
meal, it was customary for the father of the family to give the honored guests
pieces of bread or meat dipped in a juice made from fruit boiled in wine, a
symbol of the fruits of the Promised Land.
Jesus gave this to
Judas. This should have really touched Judas. But now Satan had entered him.
Matthew 27 records Judas regretted his decision to betray Jesus and tried to
return the 30 pieces of silver the chief priest paid him. But remorse isn’t the
same as repentance. Remorse is wishing you hadn’t done something, usually
because of the consequences, but refusing to confess and ask for forgiveness.
Repentance is a deliberate change in mind, spirit and life direction following
the receiving of forgiveness. Judas didn’t ask for forgiveness from Jesus or
God. In fact, in choosing to take his own life he shut the door to reconciliation
31-38 When he was gone, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified and God is glorified in
him. 32 If
God is glorified in him, God will glorify the Son in himself, and
will glorify him at once.
33 “My children, I will be with you only a little longer. You will
look for me, and just as I told the Jews, so I tell you now: Where I am going,
you cannot come.
34 “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have
loved you, so you must love one another. 35 By
this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.”
36 Simon Peter asked him, “Lord, where are you going?”
Jesus replied, “Where I am going, you cannot follow now, but you will follow
37 Peter asked, “Lord, why can’t I follow you now? I will lay down my
life for you.”
38 Then Jesus answered, “Will
you really lay down your life for me? Very truly I tell you, before the rooster
crows, you will disown me three times!
The disciples needed to understand that Jesus was not
a victim. He willingly laid down His life. And the cross would bring Jesus
Jesus made four statements about His glorification. He
spoke of divine glory as well as human glory.
the Son of Man is glorified. Son of Man was Jesus’ most-used title for Himself.
Jesus’ perfect human life fulfilled all God’s purpose in creating people in His
is glorified in Him. Jesus’ death, resurrection and ascension brought lasting
glory to God the Father through His triumph over Satan, sin and death. The
cross displays the perfection of God’s mercy, justice and wisdom.
will glorify the Son in Himself. Jesus was preparing to return to Heaven as Son
of God in a glorified body.
will glorify Him at once. Jesus’ hour had come. God glorified his Son as man by
His bodily resurrection from the dead and His ascension into heaven in His
Jesus calls His disciples “my children” here. God’s
children are those who trust in His Son. Brought into His family forever by
faith in Him. This seems to have made an impression on John because he often
called his readers my children.
He tells the disciples (and us) to love one another as
He has loved them (and us!): selflessly, humbly and sacrificially. We may not feel Jesus’ loving look or touch,
but we can feel it when another believer does it. Believers now put the skin on
John 14:1-7 “Do not let your hearts be troubled. You
believe in God; believe also in me. 2 My Father’s house has many rooms; if that were
not so, would I have told you that I am going there to prepare a place for
if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be
with me that you also may be where I am. 4 You know the way to the place where I am
5 Thomas said to him, “Lord, we don’t know where you are going,
so how can we know the way?”
6 Jesus answered, “I
am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the
Father except through me. 7 If you really know me, you will know my
Father as well. From now on, you do know him and have seen him.”
Everyone knows this passage. It’s quoted ALL the time.
We love to hear that Jesus is preparing a home for us and he’s coming back to
get us, don’t we?
And Jesus meant for it to be a comfort. His disciples
were worried. They didn’t know what was happening. So, Jesus told them. But He
started out by commanding them to not let their hearts be troubled. He is
showing us that worry is a choice! He told them to stop worrying and replace
worry with trust in God.
After that He told them His purpose for leaving – to prepare
a place for them where they would live with Him forever. When He returns for us
we’ll never be separated again.
Some translations say, “many mansions” instead of
houses. That doesn’t mean large houses like we would picture now. Back then a “mansion”
referred to a permanent dwelling place.
Jesus pictured a king’s son, his father’s heir and the
ruler of his kingdom returning to His Father’s house and to His proper place on
His throne. And the Father welcomes all His Son’s friends. Within the king’s
home is room for all who trust Him. In Christ, the Father adopts each believer
as His child.
Jesus talked about His coming back a lot. 1 out of
every 20 verses in the New Testament relates to His return. He will return
personally, physically, visibly and in the same way he went up into Heaven.
When He returns He will: judge and bring salvation to those
who are waiting for Him. He will evaluate the character, personal
relationships, thoughts, motivations, words and work of every day of each
person who has ever lived. But he will never accuse any who repent and trust
Him. Everyone who trusts in Christ can be confident the Father has laid on His
beloved Son all our punishment. The book of Romans says, “There is now no
condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.”
And His righteous judgment will vindicate His people
and end all questions about the seeming victories of wrong over right or the
suffering of the innocent.
Where Jesus said, “I am the way, the truth and the
life. No one comes to the Father except through me.” He didn’t say, He knew,
taught or revealed the way the truth or the life. He didn’t say He was one way
among a bunch of other good choices. He said NO ONE else can lead us to God.
14:8-14 Philip said,
“Lord, show us the Father and that will be enough for us.”
9 Jesus answered: “Don’t you know me, Philip,
even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone who has seen me has
seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10 Don’t
you believe that I am in the Father, and that the Father is in me? The
words I say to you I do not speak on my own authority. Rather, it is the
Father, living in me, who is doing his work. 11 Believe
me when I say that I am in the Father and the Father is in me; or at least
believe on the evidence of the works themselves. 12 Very
truly I tell you, whoever believes in me will do the works I have been
doing, and they will do even greater things than these, because I am going
to the Father. 13 And I will do whatever you
ask in my name, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 You
may ask me for anything in my name, and I will do it.
Jesus reveals God perfectly to us. To see Jesus is to
Twice each day, Jesus, Philip and the other disciples
would have recited the Shema. Deuteronomy 6:4 “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our
God, the Lord is one.”
That’s why the Jewish leaders were trying to kill Him. Because He was claiming
equality with God. They sort of got it, but apparently Philip still didn’t.
Jesus is the only one who came from Heaven to tell us about Heaven.
Labels: Gospel of John, Jesus, The Last Supper, the way the truth and the life