< What I Learned Teaching Sunday School: Genesis 19

Sunday, August 10, 2014

Genesis 19

Genesis 19:1-19 The two angels arrived at Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gateway of the city.

Notice that there were 3 men with Abraham. 2 went on to Sodom and the LORD stayed to talk to Abraham and then left. But not to go with the other 2 men.
When he saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face to the ground. 2 “My lords,” he said, “please turn aside to your servant’s house. You can wash your feet and spend the night and then go on your way early in the morning.”
“No,” they answered, “we will spend the night in the square.”

3 But he insisted so strongly that they did go with him and entered his house. He prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast, and they ate. 4 Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of Sodom—both young and old—surrounded the house. 5 They called to Lot, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us so that we can have sex with them.”

6 Lot went outside to meet them and shut the door behind him 7 and said, “No, my friends. Don’t do this wicked thing. 8 Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a man. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do what you like with them. But don’t do anything to these men, for they have come under the protection of my roof.”

9 “Get out of our way,” they replied. “This fellow came here as a foreigner, and now he wants to play the judge! We’ll treat you worse than them.” They kept bringing pressure on Lot and moved forward to break down the door.

10 But the men inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut the door. 11 Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, young and old, with blindness so that they could not find the door.

12 The two men said to Lot, “Do you have anyone else here—sons-in-law, sons or daughters, or anyone else in the city who belongs to you? Get them out of here, 13 because we are going to destroy this place. The outcry to the Lord against its people is so great that he has sent us to destroy it.”

14 So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry his daughters. He said, “Hurry and get out of this place, because the Lord is about to destroy the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.

15 With the coming of dawn, the angels urged Lot, saying, “Hurry! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away when the city is punished.”

16 When he hesitated, the men grasped his hand and the hands of his wife and of his two daughters and led them safely out of the city, for the Lord was merciful to them. 17 As soon as they had brought them out, one of them said, “Flee for your lives! Don’t look back, and don’t stop anywhere in the plain! Flee to the mountains or you will be swept away!”

Apparently Lot was the only man in Sodom who had any kind of relationship with God, so He gave him a way out.

18 But Lot said to them, “No, my lords, please! 19 Your servant has found favor in your eyes, and you have shown great kindness to me in sparing my life. But I can’t flee to the mountains; this disaster will overtake me, and I’ll die. 20 Look, here is a town near enough to run to, and it is small. Let me flee to it—it is very small, isn’t it? Then my life will be spared.”

21 He said to him, “Very well, I will grant this request too; I will not overthrow the town you speak of. 22 But flee there quickly, because I cannot do anything until you reach it.” (That is why the town was called Zoar.)

23 By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen over the land. 24 Then the Lord rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah—from the Lord out of the heavens. 25 Thus he overthrew those cities and the entire plain, destroying all those living in the cities—and also the vegetation in the land. 26 But Lot’s wife looked back, and she became a pillar of salt.

27 Early the next morning Abraham got up and returned to the place where he had stood before the Lord. 28 He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain, and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace.

29 So when God destroyed the cities of the plain, he remembered Abraham, and he brought Lot out of the catastrophe that overthrew the cities where Lot had lived.

So Lot was sitting in the gateway of the city when the two angels arrived. The gateway was the meeting place for city officials and other men to discuss current events and transact business. It was a place of authority and status where a person could see and be seen. Lot had become someone in Sodom.

The story of the men of Sodom coming to his door later and Lot offering them his daughters instead of his guests is strange, to say the least. Although a host was to protect his guest at any cost, this seems extreme!

And this is certainly an example of the extreme wickedness of Sodom and why God was going to destroy it.

In verse 13 the angels told Lot to save his family, that they had been sent to destroy the city. Archaeological evidence points to an advanced society in this area in Abraham’s day. And most researchers confirm some sort of sudden and devastating destruction. It is widely thought that the buried city lies beneath the waters of the southern end of the Dead Sea.

When he warned his sons-in-law, they didn’t believe him. My commentary Bible says Lot had lived among the people here for so long and fit in so well he was no longer a credible witness for God!

When the angels told him to take his wife and daughters he still hesitated to leave and they had to grab his hands and lead him away. Was he hesitant to leave his wealth behind? His comfortable surroundings? His position? His wife looked back and died!

When God tells us to let go of a sinful lifestyle and follow Him we need to let go of it completely – turn away from it – and go to Him.

Genesis 19:30-38 30 Lot and his two daughters left Zoar and settled in the mountains, for he was afraid to stay in Zoar. He and his two daughters lived in a cave. 31 One day the older daughter said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man around here to give us children—as is the custom all over the earth. 32 Let’s get our father to drink wine and then sleep with him and preserve our family line through our father.”

33 That night they got their father to drink wine, and the older daughter went in and slept with him. He was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.

34 The next day the older daughter said to the younger, “Last night I slept with my father. Let’s get him to drink wine again tonight, and you go in and sleep with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.” 35 So they got their father to drink wine that night also, and the younger daughter went in and slept with him. Again he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.

36 So both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 37 The older daughter had a son, and she named him Moab; he is the father of the Moabites of today. 38 The younger daughter also had a son, and she named him Ben-Ammi; he is the father of the Ammonites of today.

Sounds like a new reality TV show! Is this crazy or what? But the Bible always relates what happens just like it happened. It doesn’t leave out the messy events or sugar coat things. The Bible does not tell us this stuff saying it’s right or ok though!

They really didn’t have that much of a reason to be desperate. Abraham’s large family wasn’t too far away and he could have found them husbands! It seems though that growing up in sinful Sodom had rubbed off on them!

And their sons Moab and Ben-Ammi, the products of incest, became the fathers of two of Israel’s greatest enemies, the Moabites and Ammonites. These two nations settled east of the Jordan River and Israel never conquered them.


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